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Monday, 15 July 2019 00:00

The largest tendon in the body is known as the Achilles tendon. Its function is to connect the heel bone to the calf muscles. Many tendons in the body are not flexible, and it is important to properly stretch this tendon before engaging in a sporting activity. If it should become irritated and inflamed, the result may be an Achilles tendon injury. The symptoms that are often associated with this type of injury can include tenderness, severe pain, discomfort, and the inability to bend the foot downward. If this tendon is not properly stretched, many people could tear their Achilles tendon if they start a new exercise regime, or increase the intensity considerably. There are numerous treatment options for this type of injury. If you feel you have injured your Achilles tendon, it is advised to consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the best treatment option.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Berks Foot and Ankle Surgical Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Shillington and Hamburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 08 July 2019 00:00

The medical condition that is referred to as hammertoe can happen by wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. This may cause the middle toes to bend downward at the joint and resemble a hammer. This ailment often promotes an imbalance in the adjoining muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and many patients notice pain and discomfort. If the toes stay in a bent position for an extended period of time, they may become difficult to straighten out. Genetic factors may also play a significant role in developing hammertoe, in addition to existing medical conditions that may include diabetes or arthritis. If hammertoe is left untreated, corns, calluses and sores may form on top of the toes, and this can cause pain while wearing shoes. If you have hammertoe, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the proper treatment techniques.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Berks Foot and Ankle Surgical Associates. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Shillington and Hamburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 01 July 2019 00:00

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Monday, 01 July 2019 00:00

Many patients will experience a broken toe after a heavy object has fallen on it, or if it bangs into a piece of furniture. Consistent movements over an extended period of time can also weaken the bones in the toe, and this may result in a hairline fracture. Some of the symptoms that are associated with a broken toe often include pain, swelling, and bruising. Toes that are severely broken often bleed, and can point in the wrong direction. Many patients find comfort when the toe is elevated, as this may help to control any existing swelling. Additionally, the healing process can begin when the affected toe is taped to the toe next to it, which is referred to as buddy taping. If you feel you have broken your toe, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can perform an X-ray which confirms this condition, followed by beginning the correct treatment for you.

A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Berks Foot and Ankle Surgical Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • Throbbing pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising on the skin and toenail
  • The inability to move the toe
  • Toe appears crooked or disfigured
  • Tingling or numbness in the toe

Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.

Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Shillington and Hamburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Know About a Broken Toe
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